Wednesday, 2 February 2011

The British Empire


India – ‘The Jewel in the Crown.’
Some sources I used for my lesson on India:
‘The British who lived in the colonies liked their creature comforts and were able to enjoy them more luxuriously than they generally could at home. With their hordes of servants they could live in a class above themselves.’ James Morris, ‘Pax Britannica’, 1968
Lord Curzon - Viceroy of India 1898-1905. He is remembered for doing good work in India - building schools, setting up a national irrigation system and rebuilding old Indian buildings, restoring the Taj Mahal.

‘After every other Viceroy has been forgotten, Curzon will be remembered because he restored all that was beautiful in India.’ Indian leader Nehru
‘Ceylon (Sri Lanka) was unified under British rule in 1815. Over the next 80 years, the British built 2300 miles of road and 2900 miles of railway in India. The land used for farming increased from 400 000 acres to 3.2 million acres, the schools from 170 to 2900, the hospitals from 0 to 65.’ Morris, ‘Pax Britannica.’
'India has become impoverished by their (Britain’s) government. They take away our money from year to year. The most important jobs are reserved for themselves. We are kept in a state of slavery. They behave insolently towards us and disregard our feelings.’ Mohandas K. Gandhi, ‘Indian Home Rule’ 1938.
‘We do not care enough to stop them dying slow and terrible deaths, from things we could easily stop. We have taken their land, and we rule it, for our good, not theirs.’ Florence Nightingale, following the Indian famine of the late 1800s, where approx. 6 million Indians died.

Thousands of miles of railway was built by the British in India. This station was built in 1897, named Victoria Station. It was renamed in 1996 after a seventeenth-century Hindu king.

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